Wikimedia Commons George Anson
The port at Paita, Peru, is on the central western coast of South America. The water temperature is cold due to the Humbolt current, while the land has a subtropical desert climate. This location was good for whalers because it was fairly near to the line. The line refers to a hunting area along the equator. Fish and squid filled the Humboldt Current, and the current passed within hunting distance to the shore station. The shore station was a land based operation for processing oil, making this a favorite area for hunting sperm whales.